Why in News?
According to the government data, all of India’s 597,464 census villages have been electrified.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Definition of Electrified Village
i)Basic infrastructure such as Distribution Transformer and Distribution lines are provided in the inhabited locality as well as the Dalit Basti hamlet where it exists.
ii)Electricity is provided to public places like Schools, Panchayat Office, Health Centers, Dispensaries, Community centres etc.
iii)The number of households electrified should be at least 10% of the total number of households in the village.
India jumped 73 spots to be ranked 26th in World Bank’s electricity accessibility list in 2017.
Deendayal Upadhyaya Gram Jyoti Yojana
Ministry of Power, Government of India launched DeenDayalUpadhyaya Gram JyotiYojana for rural areas having following objectives:
i)To provide electrification to all villages.
ii)Feeder separation to ensure sufficient power to farmers and regular supply to other consumers.
iii)Improvement of Sub-transmission and distribution network to improve the quality and reliability of the supply.
iv)Metering to reduce the losses
The major components of the scheme are-
i) feeder separation (rural households & agricultural)
ii)strengthening of sub-transmission and distribution network; iii)Metering at all levels (input points, feeders and distribution transformers);
iv)Micro grid and off-grid distribution network
v) Rural electrification- already sanctioned projects under RGGVY to be completed.
The Ministry of Power launched a new app, GARV-II to provide real-time data of all six lakh villages of the country. The app is envisaged to ensure transparency in the rural electrification programme.
Saubhagya scheme (Pradhan Mantri Sahaj Bijli Har Ghar Yojana) was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in September 2017 with an aim at providing last mile electricity connectivity to all rural and urban households.
Under it, the government will provide all willing households in rural areas and poor families in urban areas free electricity connections identified under Socio-Economic and Caste Census (SECC) data 2011. Rural Electrification Corporation Limited (REC) is the nodal agency for operationalization of the scheme.