Why in News?
The 48th session of the UNFCCC Subsidiary Body for Implementation (SBI) and Subsidiary Body for Scientific and Technological Advice (SBSTA), referred to as SB48 was recently held at Bonn.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
The operational guidelines for implementing the Paris Agreement were to be discussed and agreed upon by all parties at the meeting.
The UN Framework Convention on Climate Change was the first multilateral legal instrument on climate change adopted by consensus at the UN Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) , held at Rio de Janeiro in 1992.
All subsequent multilateral negotiations on different aspects of climate change, including both adaptation and mitigation, are being held based on the principles and objectives set out by the UNFCCC.
NOTE4STUDENTS-The UNCED (Earth Summit) resulted in the following documents-
i)Rio Declaration on Environment and Development
ii)Agenda 21 (related to sustainable development)
Two legally binding agreements-
i)Convention on Biological Diversity
The Paris Agreement central aim is to strengthen the global response to the threat of climate change by keeping a global temperature rise this century well below 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels and to pursue efforts to limit the temperature increase even further to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Additionally, the agreement aims to strengthen the ability of countries to deal with the impacts of climate change.
Nationally determined contributions
The Paris Agreement requires all Parties to put forward their best efforts through nationally determined contributions (NDCs) and to strengthen these efforts in the years ahead. This includes requirements that all Parties report regularly on their emissions and on their implementation efforts.
There will also be a global stocktake every 5 years to assess the collective progress towards achieving the purpose of the Agreement and to inform further individual actions by Parties.
NOTE4STUDENTS-The US has decided to pull out of the Paris Climate Deal. Syria and Nicaragua are other countries which are not part of this deal.
Source-Times Of India.