Why in news?
Cecil, a 13-year-old black-manned male lion, strolled out of Hwange National Park in Zimbabwe and fell prey to an American trophy hunter, a furore ensued in July 2015.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Trophy hunting is the selective hunting of wild game for human recreation. The trophy is the animal or part of the animal kept, and usually displayed, to represent the success of the hunt.
The primary game sought is usually the oldest and most mature animal from a given population.
STEPS TAKEN BY INDIAN GOVERNMENT IN PROTECTING SPECIES
The names of protected species of animals, birds and plants have been mentioned at Schedule I of Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972.
The Union Government has established a country-wide protected area network for protection of these species and their habitats of threatened flora and fauna under Wild Life(Protection) Act, 1972
Legal protection has been provided to wild animals under the provisions of the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972 against hunting and commercial exploitation.
Special programmes like Project Elephant’ and ‘Project Tiger’ have been launched for conservation of these endangered species and their habitat.
Under the Wild Life (Protection) Act, 1972, the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI) has been empowered to apprehend and prosecute wildlife offenders.
The Wildlife Crime Control Bureau (WCCB) has been set up to ensure co-ordination among various officers and State Governments for the enforcement of law for control of poaching and illegal trade in wildlife and its products.
National Biological Diversity Act (NBA), 2002 has been enacted to ensure protect threatened species and their habitats.
SOURCE – THE HINDU EDITORIAL.