Tiger Census

 

Why in news?

India’s tiger census, which began late last year, will see coordination with Bhutan, Nepal and Bangladesh in estimating the territorial spread of the animal in the subcontinent.

FACTS FOR PRELIMS

While India has engaged with Nepal and Bangladesh in previous tiger counts, this is the first time all countries are uniting in arriving at tiger numbers, particularly in regions with shared borders.

Since 2006, the WII — a Union Environment Ministry-funded body — has been tasked with coordinating the tiger estimation exercise.

The once-in-four-years exercise calculated, in 2006, that India had only 1,411 tigers.

This rose to 1,706 in 2010 and 2,226 in 2014 in later editions on the back of improved conservation measures and new estimation methods. The survey — divided into four phases — began last winter and is expected to reveal its findings in early 2019.

Commissioned by the Union Environment Ministry’s National Tiger Conservation Authority, the ₹10 crore exercise this year and coordination with 18 States.

Along with tigers, the survey also collects information on the prey population of deer and other animals.

M-STrIPES – Monitoring System for Tigers’-Intensive Protection and Ecological Status. It’s a software monitoring system launched by the Indian Government in 2010 in some tiger reserves. The aim is to reduce vulnerability of Tigers.

SOURCE – THE HINDU.