Why in News?
A number of special courts have been set up under various legislations with the intent of speedy redressal and decreasing impact of litigation on mainstream Judiciary.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
What are Special Courts?
A Court which was established under a statute, to deal with special types of cases under a shortened and simplified procedure.
Special Courts have been set up under various Laws such as –
Prevention of Money Laundering (Amendment) Act, 2012
Protection of Children from Sexual Offences Act, 2012
Prevention of Corruption Act, 1988
scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act, 1989
Recently the SC gave the green signal to the Centre’s proposal to set up 12 fast-track courts to adjudicate and speedily dispose of 1,581 cases against Members of Parliament and Legislative Assemblies
Special courts are an innovative tool to increase Judicial reach across sectors and locations, but there is need of a defined mechanism to make them truly effective.
According to the Vidhi Centre For Policy Research, there are inconsistencies in legislation and operation of Special Courts, regulatory overlapping, inefficiency and lack of oversight and data.
What are Fast Track Courts?
Fast-track courts were the result of recommendations made by the 11th Finance Commission which advised the creation of 1,734 such courts to deal with the judicial backlog. They were set up through an executive scheme (as opposed to a statute of the legislature) and were meant to be set up by State governments in consultation with the respective high courts.