Why in News?
The South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN),in its first-ever meeting in India, adopted many resolutions to curb wildlife crime in the region.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network (SAWEN) is an inter-governmental wildlife law enforcement support body of South Asian countries namely – Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maldives, Nepal, Pakistan and Sri Lanka.
SAWEN was officially launched in January 2011 in Paro Bhutan. It promotes regional cooperation to combat wildlife crime in South Asia. It focuses on
ii)institutional capacity strengthening through knowledge and intelligence sharing;
iii)collaboration with regional and international partners to enhance wildlife law enforcement in the member countries.
SAWEN operates its activities from the Secretariat based in Kathmandu, Nepal.
i)Trilateral Transborder Wildlife Interception [TTWI]
Funding Agency: Rhinoceros and Tiger Conservation Fund, US Fish and Wildlife Service.
Reduction in illegal trafficking in wildlife products, particularly Indian one-horned rhinos and Bengal tigers.
The project is designed to improve the capacity of frontline customs and natural resource law enforcement officers assigned at India-Nepal and Nepal-China border crossings.
ii)Strengthening Institutional Capacity of SAWEN to Combat Wildlife Crime.
Funding Agency: The World Bank, Institutional Development Fund (IDF).
i)Institutional development and capacity building
ii)Regional communication and partnership enhancement
iii)Enforcement responses enhancement