Why in News?
The US Federal Communication Commission (FCC) has decided to remove regulations that disallow Internet Service Providers in the US from blocking or speeding up Internet content.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
What is Net Neutrality?
The principle of net neutrality states that internet users should be able to access all content on the internet without being discriminated by Internet Service Providers (ISP) This means that –
(i) all websites or applications should be treated equally by ISPs,
(ii) all applications should be allowed to be accessed at the same internet speed,
(iii) all applications should be accessible for the same cost.
Who are the different stakeholders in the internet space?
To understand the concept of net neutrality, it is important to note the four different kinds of stakeholders in the internet space that may be affected by the issue. They are –
(i) the consumers of any internet service
(ii) the Telecom Service Providers (TSPs) or Internet Service Providers (ISPs)
(iii) the over-the-top (OTT) service providers (those who provide internet access services such as websites and applications),
(iv) the government, who may regulate and define relationships between these players.
NOTE4STUDENTS-In India, TRAI is an independent regulator in the telecom sector, which mainly regulates TSPs and their licensing conditions, etc.,
Rationale behind FCC’s decision
According to the FCC, the regulations had disincentive ISP from improving or increasing investment in internet infrastructure.