Why in News?
India’s first modern conventional submarine, INS Kalvari, was recently inducted into the Navy.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
It is a class of diesel-electric attack submarines based on the Scorpene-class submarine being built for the Indian Navy. The submarines are designed by French naval defence and energy company DCNS and are being manufactured by Mazagon Dock Limited in Mumbai.
France’s DCNS was awarded $4.16 billion contract to build six next-generation Scorpion class submarines in cooperation with Mazagon Docks Limited in 2005 under the strategic Project-75. All six submarines will be fitted with indigenous Air Independent Propulsion System developed by DRDO.
i) Kalvari is the first of the six Scorpene-class submarines .It is named after a deep-sea tiger shark.
ii) It weighs about 1,600 tonnes and carries the sea skimming SM 39 Except missiles and the heavyweight wire guided Surface and Underwater Target (SUT) torpedoes. For self-defence, it has mobile anti-torpedo decoys.
Kalvari is a potent Man o’ War capable of undertaking offensive operations spanning across the entire spectrum of Maritime Warfare.
NOTE4STUDENTS-The Navy now possesses 13 conventional submarines and one nuclear attack submarine INS Chakra on lease from Russia.