SC Judgement on Firecrackers

Why in News?

The Supreme Court has imposed a  ban on the use of antimony, lithium, mercury, arsenic and lead, in the manufacture of firecrackers to prevent air pollution.

The order came after the court heard the submissions from officials of the CPCB and Petroleum and Explosive Safety Organisation’s (PESO) Firework Research and Development Centre at Sivakasi in Tamil Nadu.

FACT’s ( For Prelims)

1.Various chemicals are used to impart colours to firecracker-

  • Red: Strontium salts (Nitrates, carbonates and sulphates of strontium).
  • Orange: Calcium salts (Carbonates, chlorides and sulphates of calcium).
  • Yellow: Sodium salts ( Nitrates and oxalates of sodium).
  • Green: Barium salts (Nitrates, carbonates, chlorides and chlorates of barium).
  • Blue: Copper salts (Carbonates and oxides of copper).
  • Purple: A combination of copper and strontium compounds.
  • White: The burning of metals like magnesium, aluminium and titanium).

2.CPCB- The Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organisation under the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

  •  It was established in 1974 under the Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974.
  • It is the apex organisation in the country in the field of pollution control.


3.PESO-Petroleum And Explosives Safety Organisation (PESO) was formed to control and administer the usage of explosives, petrol stations in India

ANALYSIS ( for Mains)

The apex court held that-

1.It is the responsibility of the PESO to ensure compliance of ban order.

2.CPCB and PESO are to make a collaborative effort, for setting up of standards with regard to air pollution caused by firecrackers.

Positive Move-

The judgement has been hailed as a step in the right direction

1.since firecrackers are a major cause of air pollution during the festive season.

2.The heavy metals used in the firecrackers can have an adverse impact on health for e.g-Lead oxide, if inhaled in large concentrations can cause damage to the nervous system.