Why in News?
Cybersecurity agencies have detected a new malware called Saposhi that can take over electronic devices and use them for Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attacks.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
About the Malware
Saposhi Malware is capable of taking over electronic devices and turning them into bots (device take over by malware) which can then be used for any purpose including DDoS attacks which, with enough firepower, can cripple entire industries.
In DDoS attacks, malware first creates a network of bots — called botnet and then uses the botnet to ping single server beyond its capacity at the same time. As number of pings are far beyond server’s capacity, server crashes and denies service to its consumers. Malwares like Saposhi, Reaper and Mirai are primarily used for DDOS attacks.
The Indian Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT-In) is an office within the Ministry of Electronics and Information Technology. It is the nodal agency to deal with cyber security threats like hacking and phishing.