Why in News?
The Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Second Amendment) Bill, 2017 is pending in the Lok Sabha.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
The Right to Education Act, 2009 prohibits detention of children till they complete elementary education i.e., class 8. The Bill amends this provision to state that a regular examination will be held in class 5 and class 8 at the end of every academic year. If a child fails the exam, he will be given additional instruction, and take a re-examination.
If he fails in the re-examination, the relevant central or state government may decide to allow schools to detain the child.
The Constitution (86th Amendment) Act, 2002 inserted Article 21-A in the Constitution of India to provide free and compulsory education of all children in the age group of six to fourteen years as a Fundamental Right in such a manner as the State may, by law, determine.
i)K. Kasturirangan Panel (2017)- to frame a ‘New Education Policy’
ii)TSR Subramaniam Committee (2015)- The committee was entrusted with preparing a new education policy for India.
iii)Kothari Commission (1964-66)- Based on this report the Education policy of 1968 was formulated. The commission’s mandate was to advise the government of education in all stages and in all aspects.
iv)Mudaliyar Commission (1952)-It dealt with secondary education.
v)Radhakrishnan Committee (1948-49)-Focusses on the improvement and expansion of higher education.