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A rare dance panel of Nayak period and an inscribed pillar of Chola period have been found on an abandoned brick mound at Pathala Pettai near Kiliyur in Trichy.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
About the Dance Panel
The dance panel is depicted on a stone slab that measures 1.21 metres in length and 33 centimetres in height.
Four pairs of well dressed male and female dancers, holding some object in one of their hands, are seen engaged in a ritualistic dance in the panel.
All of them are decked with ornaments and different head gears. The female deity with a flower in the right hand seen between the first two pairs and the pot depicted between the last two pairs denote the ritualistic nature of the dance.
Silappathikaram has references to such ritualistic performances by rural folks.
NOTE4STUDENTS-Silappadikaram is one of The Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature according to later Tamil literary tradition.A poet-prince from Kodungallur near Kochi , referred to by the pseudonym Ilango Adigal, is credited with this work.He is reputed to have been the brother of VelKeluKuttuvan, the Chera dynasty king.
Silappatikaram is held in high regard by the Tamil people. It contains three chapters and a total of 5270 lines of poetry. The epic revolves around Kannagi, who having lost her husband to a miscarriage of justice at the court of the Pandyan Dynasty, wreaks her revenge on his kingdom.
Regarded as one of the great works of Tamil literature, the Silappatikaram is a poetic rendition with details of Tamil culture; its varied religions; its town plans and city types; the mingling of different people; and the arts of dance and music. The story involves the three Tamil kingdoms of the ancient era, which were ruled by the Chola, Pandyan and Chera dynasties.
Inscribed Pillar of Chola Period
It is a round pillar found and has inscribed base. The base has a Tamil inscription of Cholapalaeography with a few Grantha letters used in between.
The inscription records that a certain RejaladeviyarSativinjey, queen of Iladevayan, had gifted that pillar. A sketchy figure of a Mugalinga is seen sculpted on the first half of the pillar, suggesting its conversion into a Linga.