Why in News?
The West Bengal government gave its approval to the State Forest Department to apply for recognition under the Ramsar Convention.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
The Indian Sunderbans, with 2,114 sq. km. of mangrove forests comprise almost 43% of the mangrove cover in the country according to a 2017 Forest Survey of India report. Other than the forests, home to about 100 Royal Bengal tigers, the creeks and river systems of the Sunderbans are also part of the reserve forest and once conferred a Ramsar site status, it will be the largest protected wetland in the country.
NOTE4STUDENTS-Sunderbans was made a UNESCO world heritage site in 1987
Ramsar Convention on Wetlands
The Convention on Wetlands (Waterfowl Convention) is an intergovernmental treaty that provides the framework for national action international cooperation for the conservation and wise use of wetlands and their resources.
It was adopted in the Iranian City of Ramsar, in 1971 and came into force in 1975, and it is the only global environment treaty that deals with a particular ecosystem.
Ramsar is not affiliated with the United Nations System of Multilateral Environment Agreements, but it works very closely with other MEAs and is a full partner among ‘Biodiversity-related cluster ‘ of treaties and agreements.
NOTE4STUDENTS-There are currently 26 sites in India recognised as Ramsar wetland sites of international importance, including the East Kolkata Wetlands also in West Bengal.
The Montreux Record
It was adopted by the Conference of Contracting parties in Brisbane.
The Montreaux Record is a register of wetland sites on the list of Wetlands of International Importance where changes in ecological character have occurred, are occurring or are likely to occur as a result of technological developments, pollution or other human interference.
NOTE4STUDENTS-Keoladeo National Park, Rajasthan and Loktak Lake, Manipur have been included in Montreaux record.