Why in news?
After seeking the Centre’s nod for shifting of tigers from Ranthambhore to Mukundara Hills Tiger Reserve, the Rajasthan government has asked for permission to bring tigers from other States for their rehabilitation and cross-mating in order to develop strong breeds of the big cat.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
NATIONAL TIGER CONSERVATION AUTHORITY
- It is a statutory body under the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change constituted under enabling provisions of the Wildlife (Protection) Act, 1972, as amended in 2006, for strengthening tiger conservation, as per powers and functions assigned to it under the said Act.
- The National Tiger Conservation Authority is set up under the Chairmanship of the Minister for Environment and Forests.
- The Authority will have eight experts or professionals having qualifications and experience in wildlife conservation and welfare of people including tribals, apart from three Members of Parliament of whom two will be elected by the House of the People and one by the Council of States.
- The Inspector General of Forests, in charge of project Tiger, will be ex-officio Member Secretary
TIGER RESERVES IN INDIA – KEY POINTS
Nagarjunsagar-Srisailam is the largest tiger reserve in terms of Area.
Pench Tiger Reserve in Maharashtra is minimum in area.
As per website of NTCA, Sunderbans in West Bengal has the largest number of Tigers.
Manas (Assam) ,Similipal (Orissa), Sunderbans (West Bengal) are Biosphere Tiger reserves
Manas Tiger Reserve is the only tiger reserve which is also a World Heritage Site
In 2002-03, Madhya Pradesh was home to maximum number of Tigers
SOURCE – THE HINDU.