Why in News?
National Nutrition Mission (NNM) will be launched nationwide by the Prime Minister from Jhunjhunu, Rajasthan. He will launch NNM- ICDS Common Application Software.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
In the past few years there has been significant work done on several key determinants of nutrition-
i) The Swachh Bharat Mission focuses on creating Open Defecation free communities, and will significantly impact rates of diarrhoea and gut infections amongst children.
ii)The Pradhan Mantri Matru Vandana Yojana provides support to the pregnant women and lactating mothers and also encourages health seeking behaviour and immunization.
iii) Mission Indradhanush is increasing the rates of complete immunization of women and children at a very rapid rate.
iv) MAA, the exclusive breast feeding initiative, is focused on increasing rates of exclusive breast feeding to reduce infection amongst children up to the age of 6 months.
v)In September 2017, the cost norms for providing supplementary nutrition through anganwadis to pregnant women & lactating mothers, children and adolescent girls were revised and linked with food price index.
International experience has shown that converging initiatives such as these, with focus on areas with high malnourishment, accelerates the rate of reduction of malnourishment.
The National Nutrition Mission which is an apex body under the Ministry of Women and Child Development will bring together all these initiatives targeted towards districts with high burden of malnourishment through diagnostic analysis at the level of each district, focus on the first thousand days in the development of the child, measuring the nutritional status of children through a Real Time ICT enabled system in Anganwadis by providing smart phones which ease their work .
The mission focuses on Social and Behavioural change. The community-Based events envisaged to improve the linkage between community and front line workers and by wide public participation convert this into Jan Andolan to make “New India” as “Suposhit Bharat”
NNM targets to reduce stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by at least 2 % per annum.
The mission would strive to achieve a reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022). More than 10 crore people will be benefitted by this programme. All the States and districts will be covered in a phased manner.