Why in News?
NITI Aayog released today a comprehensive Health Index report titled, “Healthy States, Progressive India”
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
The report ranks states and Union territories innovatively on their year-on-year incremental change in health outcomes, as well as, their overall performance with respect to each other.
It is the first attempt to establish an annual systematic tool to measure and understand the heterogeneity and complexity of the nation’s performance in Health. The report has been developed by NITI Aayog, with technical assistance from the World Bank, and in consultation with the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare (MoHFW).
The Health Index is a weighted composite Index, which for the larger States, is based on indicators in three domains, with each domain assigned a weight based on its importance.
(a) Health Outcomes
(b) Governance and Information
(c) Key Inputs and Processes
Highlights of the Report
i)Among the Larger States, Kerala, Punjab, and Tamil Nadu ranked on top in terms of overall performance, while Jharkhand, Jammu & Kashmir, and Uttar Pradesh are the top three ranking States in terms of annual incremental performance.
ii)Among the Smaller States, Mizoram ranked first followed by Manipur on overall performance, while Manipur followed by Goa were the top-ranked States in terms of annual incremental performance.
iii)Among UTs, Lakshadweep showed both the best overall performance as well as the highest annual incremental performance.
iv)The incremental measurement reveals that about one-third of the States have registered a decline in their performance in 2016 as compared to 2015, stressing the need to pursue domain-specific, targeted interventions.
Linking this Index to incentives under the National Health Mission by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare underlines the importance of such an exercise. This Index is expected to nudge States towards further achieving a rapid transformation of their health systems and population health outcomes.
Source – PIB.