Why in News?
India, World Bank sign USD 200 million loan deal for national nutrition mission.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
About the Mission
POSHAN Abhiyan (National Nutrition Mission) is a flagship programme of the Ministry of Women and Child Development (MWCD), Government of India, which ensures convergence with various programmes i.e.,
Pradhan MantriMatruVandanaYojana (PMMVY),
Scheme for Adolescent Girls (SAG) of MWCD
National Health Mission (NHM),
Public Distribution System (PDS), Department Food & Public Distribution,
Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (MGNREGS)
The goals of NNM are to achieve improvement in nutritional status of Children from 0-6 years, Adolescent Girls, Pregnant Women and Lactating Mothers in a time-bound manner during the next three years beginning 2017-18.
The POSHAN Abhiyaan, an overarching scheme for holistic nourishment
A large component of POSHAN Abhiyaan involves gradual scaling-up of the interventions supported by the ongoing World Bank assisted Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS) Systems Strengthening and Nutrition Improvement Project (ISSNIP) to all districts in the country over a 3-year period.
The programme through the targets will strive to reduce the level of stunting, under-nutrition, anaemia and low birth weight babies.
NNM targets to reduce stunting, undernutrition, anaemia (among young children, women and adolescent girls) and reduce low birth weight by 2%, 2%, 3% and 2% per annum respectively.
Although the target to reduce Stunting is at least 2% p.a., Mission would strive to achieve a reduction in Stunting from 38.4% (NFHS-4) to 25% by 2022 (Mission 25 by 2022).
It also includes instituting mechanisms of community mobilisation and behaviour change communication, strengthening systems of citizen engagement and grievance redress and establishing mobile technology-based tools for improved monitoring and management of services during the critical 1,000-day window for nutrition impact.