Why in news?
Our Agri growth has been suffering for a long time and the trend continues.
The need of the hour is to evolve a well-articulated framework to advance agriculture and farming.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
NATIONAL AGRICULTURAL POLICY,2000
The Green Revolution phase ran its course until 2000 when a new national agricultural policy (NAP) was announced
NAP was targeted to:
-achieve an agricultural growth of four percent per annum
-to strengthen the rural infrastructure
-to offer a decent standard of living to farmers and
-to speed up value-added agricultural growth
PRADHAN MANTRI KRISHI BHIMA YOJANA
To help farmers cope with crop losses, the Government of India launched its flagship scheme PradhanMantriFasalBimaYojana (PMFBY), starting from the kharif season of 2016.
PMFBY replaced the National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (NAIS) and Modified National Agricultural Insurance Scheme (MNAIS). PMFBY is designed to reduce the burden of crop insurance on farmers.
The Weather-Based Crop Insurance Scheme (WBCIS) remains in place, though its premium rates have been made the same as in PMFBY.
State governments have the authority to decide whether they want PMFBY, WBCIS or both in their respective states.
The new Crop Insurance Scheme – PMFBY- is in line with ‘One Nation – One Scheme’ theme.
It incorporates the best features of all previous schemes and at the same time, all previous shortcomings/weaknesses have been addressed.
SOURCE – LIVEMINT.