Why in News?
Mankidia, one of the 13 Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG) in Odisha, were denied habitat rights inside the Similipal Tiger Reserve (STR) under the historic Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTG)
In 1973, the Dhebar Commission created Primitive Tribal Groups (PTGs) as a separate category, who are less developed among the tribal groups. In 2006, the Government of India renamed the PTGs as Particularly Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs).
Under the Ministry of Tribal Affairs Scheme for Development of Primitive Vulnerable Tribal Groups (PVTGs), 75 PVTSGs are identified.
PVTGs have some basic characteristics -They are mostly homogenous, with a small population, relatively physically isolated, social institutes cast in a simple mould, absence of written language, relatively simple technology and a slower rate of change etc
Forest Rights Act, 2006
Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006, provides scope and historical opportunity for integrating conservation and livelihood rights of the people.
i) Nodal agency for implementation is Ministry of Tribal Affairs
ii)It is applicable for Tribal and other Traditional Forest Dwelling Communities.
iii) National Parks and Sanctuaries have been included along with the Reserve Forest, Protected Forests for the recognition of Rights.
iv)The Act recognises the right of ownership access to collect, use and dispose of minor forest produce which has been traditionally collected within or outside village boundaries.
v)The Gram Sabha has been designated as the competent authority for initiating the process of determining the nature and extent of individual or community forest rights.