Why in News?
The MP government is launching an exercise to interact with the people of the state and find out how happy they are.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
World Happiness Index
The concept of a Happiness Index came about in 2011 when the United Nations Sustainable Development Solutions Network began publishing yearly reports on the world’s happiness. The idea was that happiness levels of people could be used to inform and guide individual country public policies.
Each year, the report outlines the state of world happiness, causes of happiness and misery, and policy implications highlighted by case studies using variables including real GDP per capita, social support, healthy life expectancy, freedom to make life choices, generosity, and perceptions of corruption.
To measure the happiness quotient of people became a global talking point when a tiny Himalayan country, Bhutan, came out with a happiness index and linked it to development, which is otherwise based on GDP numbers.
India ranks 122nd in the World Happiness Report for 2017, brought out by the United Nations.
NOTE4STUDENTS -In 2016, Madhya Pradesh became the first state to set up a governmental department of happiness (AnandVibhag) and in 2017 Andhra Pradesh became the second.
Maharashtra is also considering incorporating a “happiness index” department to measure happiness levels in the state.