Why in news?
The Intergovernmental Committee for Safeguarding of Intangible Cultural Heritage under UNESCO has inscribed ´Kumbh Mela´ on UNESCO’s Representative List of Intangible Cultural Heritage.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Kumbh Mela is the 14th intangible cultural heritage from India to be listed in UNESCO’s list.
Kumbh Mela is held every four times every 12 years at four different locations across central and northern India. It is the largest religious congregation and largest peaceful gathering on planet. This vast celebration attracts tens of millions of Hindu pilgrims, including mendicant nagas.
The first written evidence of the Kumbh Mela is mentioned in BhagvatPurana. Another written evidence of Kumbh Mela is in works of Huen Tsang, who visited India during reign of Harsha.
Kumbh Mela is held every third year at one of four places by rotation: Haridwar, Allahabad, Nasik and Ujjain. Thus, it is held at each of these four once in every 12 years.
Ardha Kumbh Mela, which is next in sanctity, is held only at Haridwar and Allahabad.
The rivers at these four places are Ganga at Haridwar, PrayagSangam at Allahabad, Godavari at Nasik, and Shipra at Ujjain. The largest crowd is held on MauniAmavasya.
OTHER INTANGIBLE HERITAGE FROM INDIA IN UNESCO’S LIST
Koodiyattam: Sanskrit Theatre of Kerala.
Mudiyett: theatre ritual of Kerala.
Tradition of Vedic Chanting.
Kalbelia: folk songs and dances of Rajasthan
Ramlila: traditional way of narrating Ramayana
Sankirtana: singing, drumming and dancing ritual of Manipur.
Ramman: religious festival and ritual theatre of Garhwal Himalayas.
Traditional brass and copper craft of utensil of Thatheras: Punjab.
Chhau dance: classical Indian dance originated in the eastern Indian states.
Buddhist chanting of Ladakh: recitation of sacred Buddhist texts in Ladakh region of Jammu and Kashmir.
SOURCE – THE HINDU.