Why in News?
The Krishi Vigyan Kendras (Farm Science Centres) that serve in every rural district of the country can play a predominant role in doubling farmers’ income,
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) are agricultural extension centres created by ICAR (Indian Council for Agricultural Research) and its affiliated institutions at the district level to provide various types of farm support to the agricultural sector. The first KVK was established during 1974 (Pondicherry) and has grown as the largest network in the country. The KVKs are evolving as the future grass root level institutions for empowering the farming community
The mandate of KVK is Technology Assessment and Demonstration for its Application and Capacity Development.
To implement the mandate effectively, the following activities are envisaged for each KVK.-
i)On-farm testing to assess the location specificity of agricultural technologies under various farming systems.
ii)Frontline demonstrations to establish production potential of technologies on the farmers’ fields.
iii)Capacity development of farmers and extension personnel to update their knowledge and skills on modern agricultural technologies.
iv)To work as Knowledge and Resource Centre of agricultural technologies for supporting initiatives of public, private and voluntary sectors in improving the agricultural economy of the district.
v)Provide farm advisories using ICT and other media means on varied subjects of interest to farmers.
vi)In addition, KVK would produce quality technological products (seed, planting material, bio-agents, livestock) and make it available to farmers, organize frontline extension activities, identify and document selected farm innovations and converge with ongoing schemes and programmes within the mandate of KVK.
Doubling Farmers Income
In the Union Budget 2016-17, Government had announced to double farm incomes by 2022. Union Government is focusing on increasing crop yields and reducing the cost of cultivation in order to increase the net income of farmers. The government had launched various schemes related to agriculture sector to bring down the cost of cultivation.
The Ashok Dalwai committee has been set up to prepare a blueprint for doubling farmers income.