Why in News?
The Inter-State Council and its Standing Committee have been rejuvenated, the 12th meeting of the Standing Committee of Inter-State Council (ISC) was recently held.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Article 263-The President can establish an inter-state council to facilitate co-ordination between the centre and state. He can define the nature of duties to be performed by such a council and its organisation and procedure.
The Constitution specifies the following duties-
(a) inquiring into and advising upon disputes which may have arisen between States;
(b) investigating and discussing subjects in which some or all of the States, or the Union and one or more of the States, have a common interest; or
(c) making recommendations upon any such subject, particularly for the co-ordination of policy and action on it.
According to the recommendation of the Sarkaria Committee, the Inter-state council generally comprises of –
i)Prime Minister as Chairman
ii)Chief Minister of all states
iii)Chief Ministers of Union Territories having Legislative Assembly.
iv)Administrators of UT not having Legislative Assembly
v)Governors Of State Under President’s rule
vi )Six Central Cabinet Ministers, including the Home Minister, to be nominated by the Prime Minister.
i)The Council is a re-commendatory body on issues relating to inter-state, center-state, and center-union territories relation.
ii)It aims to promote co-operative federalism
iii)The council’s function to enquire and advice upon inter-state disputes is complementary to the Supreme Court’s jurisdiction under Article 131. The council can deal with any controversy, either legal or non legal, but its function is advisory unlike that of the court which gives a binding decision.