Why in news?
Two scientists working at The Institute of Mathematical Sciences, Chennai, (IMSc) have figured out a way to computationally estimate whether a language is written from left to right or otherwise
They have studied the Indus script and calculated that it must flow from right to left
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
INDUS VALLEY CIVILIZATION
Indus Valley Civilization was the first major civilization in south Asia, which spread across a vast area of land in present day India and Pakistan (around 12 lakh sq.km).
The time period of mature Indus Valley Civilization is estimated between BC. 2700- BC.1900 ie. for 800 years. But early Indus Valley Civilization had existed even before BC.2700.
Beginning of city life.
Harappan Sites discovered by – DayaramSahni (1921) – Montgomori district, Punjab, Pakistan.
Mohanjodaro discovered by – R. D. Banerji – Larkana district, Sind, Pakistan.
City was divided into Citadel(west) and Lower Town(east).
Red pottery painted with designs in black.
Stone weights, seals, special beads, copper tools, long stone blades etc.
Copper, bronze, silver, gold present.
Artificially produced – Faience.
Specialists for handicrafts.
Import of raw materials.
Plough was used.
Bodies were buried in wooden coffins, but during the later stages ‘H symmetry culture’ evolved where bodies were buried in painted burial urns.
Sugar cane not cultivated, horse, iron not used.
SOURCE – THE HINDU.