Why in News?
The Indian Navy is confident of commissioning, Indigenous Aircraft Carrier (IAC-1) Vikrant currently under construction at Kochi, by October 2020.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
INS Vikrant (IAC-I) is the first aircraft carrier built in India and the first Vikrant-class aircraft carrier built by Cochin Shipyard (CSL) in Kochi, Kerala for the Indian Navy.
It is named after India’s first aircraft INS Vikrant, which was decommissioned in 1997.
It is being built by Cochin shipyard and is powered by four GE gas turbines.
Weighs 40,000 tonnes, with 20 Mig-29k fighter jets and 2 kamov helicopters.
Vikrant has a ski jump for launching aircraft and employs the STOBAR (Short Takeoff but Arrested Recovery) Mechanism with arrestor cables to recover the aircraft.
i)INS Vikramaditya-The Kiev-class, 44,500-tonne vessel is currently India’s sole aircraft carrier.
It was built in 1987 and had served the Soviet navy (named as Baku). It was later renamed Admiral Gorshkov under the Russian navy. The Indian Navy purchased the vessel in 2004 and commissioned it in November 2013.
ii)INS Viraat-The world’s longest-serving warship INS Viraat was decommissioned by the Indian Navy after nearly six decades of service .
It was first commissioned as the HMS Hermes into the British Royal Navy in November 1959, and was commissioned into the Indian Navy in 1987.
It had played a major role in Operation Jupiter in 1989 in the Sri Lankan peacekeeping operation and had also participated in the standoff Operation Parakram in 2001-2002 when India and Pakistan were engaged in a standoff post the Parliament terror attack