Why in News?
Cabinet has approved the continuation of Umbrella Scheme ‘Green Revolution — Krishonnati Yojana’ in Agriculture Sector.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
About the Scheme
The Umbrella scheme comprises of 11 Schemes/Missions. These schemes look to develop the agriculture and allied sector in a holistic and scientific manner to increase the income of farmers by enhancing production, productivity and better returns on produce.
The Schemes that are part of the Umbrella Schemes are:-
i)Mission for Integrated Development of Horticulture (MIDH)-It aims to promote holistic growth of horticulture sector; to enhance horticulture production, improve nutritional security and income support to farm Households.
ii) National Food Security Mission (NFSM), including National Mission on Oil Seeds and Oil Palm (NMOOP)-It aims to increase production of rice, wheat, pulses, coarse cereals and commercial crops, through area expansion and productivity enhancement in a suitable manner in the identified districts of the country, restoring soil fertility and productivity at the individual farm level and enhancing farm level economy. It further aims to augment the availability of vegetable oils and to reduce the import of edible oils.
iii)National Mission for Sustainable Agriculture (NMSA) – It aims to promote sustainable agriculture practices, focusing on integrated farming, appropriate soil health management and synergizing resource conservation technology.
iv)Sub-mission on Agriculture Extension (SMAE)-It aims to strengthen the ongoing extension mechanism of State Governments, local bodies etc., achieving food and nutritional security and socio-economic empowerment of farmers, to institutionalize programme planning and implementation mechanism, to forge effective linkages and synergy amongst various stake-holders, etc
v)Sub-Mission on Seeds and Planting Material (SMSP)-aims to increase production of certified / quality seed, to increase Seed Replacement Ratio, to upgrade the quality of farm-saved seeds, to strengthen the seed multiplication chain, etc
NOTE4STUDENTS-Seed Replacement Ratio
It is a measure of how much of the total cropped area was sown with certified seeds in comparison to farm-saved seeds.
vi)Sub-Mission on Agricultural Mechanisation (SMAM) -aims to increase the reach of farm mechanization to small and marginal farmers and to the regions where availability of farm power is low, to promote ‘Custom Hiring Centres’ etc.
vii) Sub Mission on Plant Protection and Plan Quarantine (SMPPQ)-to minimize loss to quality and yield of agricultural crops from the ravages of insect pests, diseases, weeds, nematodes, rodents, etc. and to shield our agricultural bio-security.
viii)Integrated Scheme on Agriculture Census, Economics and Statistics (ISACES) – It aims to undertake the agriculture census, study of the cost of cultivation of principal crops, to undertake research studies on agro-economic problems of the country,etc.
ix) Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Cooperation (ISAC) -It aims to provide financial assistance for improving the economic conditions of cooperatives, remove regional imbalances and to speed up – cooperative development in agricultural marketing, processing, storage.
x)Integrated Scheme on Agricultural Marketing (ISAM)-aims to develop agricultural marketing infrastructure; to promote innovative and latest technologies and competitive alternatives in agriculture marketing infrastructure; to provide infrastructure facilities for grading, standardization and quality certification of agricultural produce;
xi) National e-Governance Plan (NeGP-A)-aims to bring farmer centricity & service orientation to the programmes; to enhance reach & impact of extension services; to improve access of farmers to information &services throughout crop-cycle; to build upon, enhance & integrate the existing ICT initiatives of Centre and States;