Why in News?
Union Home Ministry is planning to set up an apex cyber crime coordination centre – Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) in Delhi.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Cybercrime cases pose technical, legal and administrative challenges in investigation which require strengthening of the institutional mechanism.
Phishing, scanning or probing, website intrusions and defacements, virus or malicious code and denial of service attacks are some types of cybercrimes.
National Crime Record Bureau (NCRB) states that cybercrime cases rose by 69% during 2013 to 2014 and by 20% during 2014 to 2015.
Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C)
To deal with cyber crimes such as financial frauds, circulation of communal and pornographic contents, the Union Home Ministry is planning to set up an apex coordination centre and has asked states to establish a similar mechanism in every district.
The apex centre — Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C), would coordinate with state governments and union territories, and closely monitor the cyberspace and social media with due emphasis on vernacular content.
The Indian Cyber Crime Coordination Centre (I4C) and the Cyber Police Force will be set up under the newly created Cyber & Information Security (CIS) Division of the Union Ministry of Home Affairs.
The CIS Division will have four Wings, namely Security Clearance, Cyber Crime Prevention, Cyber Security and Information Security Wings each headed by an Under Secretary level Officer. It is also proposed to appoint the Chief Information Security Officer (CISO) and Deputy CISO.