Why in News?
The Centre has demanded more tests for genetically modified mustard, a year after clearing the crop for “commercial cultivation.”
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Dhara Mustard Hybrid (DMH -11)
DMH (Dhara Mustard Hybrid)-11 is genetically modified variety of Herbicide Tolerant (HT) mustard. It was developed by Centre for Genetic Manipulation of Crop Plants at Delhi University under Government sponsored project.
It was created by using “barnase/barstar” technology , which is a mechanism to prevent self pollination and allow cross pollination so as to create hybrid crops.
GM Mustard is the second food crop that got clearance from the central regulator , The GEAC in 2010 had approved BtBrinjal but it was not accepted by Ministry of Environment.
Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee
GEAC functions in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC). It is responsible for the appraisal of activities involving large-scale use of hazardous microorganisms and recombinants in research and industrial production from the environmental angle.
The committee is also responsible for the appraisal of proposals relating to the release of genetically engineered (GE) organisms and products into the environment including experimental field trials.