Why in News?
The United Nations General Assembly adopted Thursday a framework towards creating a future Global Pact for the Environment as a follow-up to the Paris Agreement on climate change.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
About the Resolution
The resolution creates a working group tasked with identifying gaps in international environmental law and determining whether there is a need to a new regulatory structure.
The working group is due to make recommendations to the General Assembly by mid-2019 ahead of an intergovernmental conference.
A majority of 143 of the 193 UN member states adopted a resolution on the French-sponsored pact. Iran, the Philippines, Russia, Syria, Turkey and the United States voted against the measure.
In September, French President Emmanuel Macron made a push for the global pact, which would be the first legally binding international accord that would gather all environmental rights in a single document.
Paris Agreement On Climate Change
It commits 196 countries to work together to limit global warming to no more than 2 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels, with a stretch goal of keeping below 1.5 C. It also calls for stopping the rise of greenhouse gas emissions as soon as possible.
In 2018, countries will take stock of their progress on meeting their pledges, and by 2020 they will have to produce new INDCs or restate the existing.
The Paris Agreement is not a treaty, and countries’ INDCs are not binding. Still, the deal contains some binding elements, such as requiring countries to participate in a system for measuring their progress on achieving their goals. The implementation of the agreement by all member countries together will be
evaluated every 5 years.
Finance will be provided to poor nations to help them cut emissions and cope with the effects of
extreme weather. Countries affected by climate-related disasters will gain urgent aid.
Source-Times of India.