Why In News?

A new species of parasitic plant has been discovered in Nagaland.



1.It is a holoparasite [complete parasite] that derives its entire nutritional requirement from the host plant, which is a Strobilanthes species


2.Though it has no chlorophyll, the plant has a vascular system and extracts its nutrition from the host plant with the help of a haustorium, Ahaustorium is a specialised structure with which plant parasites attach themselves to the tissue of host plants and derive nutrition.


3.The plant was found in the semi-evergreen forest at an altitude of 1,500-1,600 meters,  it is a root parasite that grows up to 10 cm in height, and bears white, tubular flower.


4.It is named after the Konyak tribe of Nagaland .Its status has been defined as  ‘data deficient’ as per the International Union for Conservation of Nature Red List of Threatened Species Criteria.


5.Plant parasites are differentiated as stem and root parasites. Common stem parasites found in India are Loranthussp, on Mango trees, and Cuscutareflexa, a climber. Among the root, parasites are Sapriahimalayana, a rare holoparasitic flowering plant found in Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya.


SOURCE-The Hindu.