Why in News?
Chennai based Geographical Indication Registry has awarded Geographical Indication (GI) Tag to two more craft forms from Telangana viz. Adilabaddokra and Warangal dhurries.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Dhokra or Dokra is also known as bell metal craft. It is a tribal metal craft practised in Jainoor Mandal, Adilabad District of Telangana.TheDokra craftsmen belong to the Woj community, called Wojaris and also called Otaris in Telangana.
The uniqueness of Adilabad dhokra is that no two pieces are alike in shape as well as in size and hence replica of the antique is nearly not possible, which is the add-on speciality.
The craftsmen make brass objects by an ancient casting technique called cireperdue (lost wax technique in French), wherein a clay model is made as the core over which wax threads are wrapped around to form a layer, bake the clay mould, allow the wax to flow-out and then pour the molten metal into the mould.
Adilabad Dhokra metal casting products mainly include idols of local deities, bells, dancing figures, jewellery, statues and many other decorative items.
Dhurries are popular traditional thick cotton rugs in which weavers create beautiful patterns and dye them using vegetable colours, which are washed in flowing water after the printing process. Currently, there are more than 2000 weaving community members present in Kothawada, Warangal in spinning Dhurrie.
The Warangal durrie weavers made their mark felt across the world owing to their fine craftsmanship. The main geographical factor that made Warangal famous as Durrie weaving centre is the availability of cotton. Cotton is abundantly produced in Warangal for many decades and has a major pie in the cotton production in Telangana.
GI is covered as an element of intellectual property rights (IPRs) under Paris Convention for Protection of Industrial Property. At the international level, it is covered by WTO’s TRIPS (Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights).
A geographical indication (GI) is a name or sign used on certain products which correspond to a specific geographical location or origin (e.g. a town, region, or country). India, as a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), has the enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act
This Act is administered by the Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks, who is also the Registrar of Geographical Indications.
GI Tag & Patent in India comes under Indian Patent Office(IPO), Controller General of Patents, Designs and Trade Marks (CGPDTM), Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion (DIPP), Ministry of Commerce and Industry, Government of India.
GI Protection benefits both producers and consumers. While the latter have access to a genuine product, the former has the opportunity to build brands and will be protected against a loss of their business against individuals involved in the fake/counterfeit production.