Why in News?
India successfully test-fired the nuclear-capable ‘Dhanush’ ballistic missile. The trial was carried out by the Strategic Force Command (SFC) of the defence forces.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
About the Missile
The surface-to-surface missile is a naval variant of the indigenously-developed ‘Prithvi’ missile and has a strike range of 350 km.
‘Dhanush’ missile is capable of carrying a payload of 500 kg and hitting both land and sea-based targets,
The single-stage, liquid-propelled ‘Dhanush’, has already been inducted into the defence services. It is one of the five missiles developed by the Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).
Strategic Forces Command
The Strategic Forces Command (SFC) sometimes called Strategic Nuclear Command, forms part of India’s Nuclear Command Authority (NCA). It is responsible for the management and administration of the country’s tactical and strategic nuclear weapons stockpile.
Nuclear Command Authority
It is India’s nodal authority responsible for command, control and operational decisions regarding India’s nuclear weapons programme.
It has Executive Council and Political Council. The NCA’s directives are executed by the Strategic Forces Command The Executive Council is chaired by the National Security advisor, It gives inputs to the Political Council, which authorises a nuclear attack if need be. The Political Council is chaired by the Prime Minister.
Source-The Economic Times.