Why in News?
According to the CVC’s annual report submitted to Parliament, the agency saw a dramatic drop in the total number of complaints received by it in 2017.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Central Vigilance Commission
It is the main agency for preventing corruption in the central government.It was established in 1964 by an executive resolution of the central government, on the recommendation of the Santhanamcommittee.In 2003 the Parliament enacted a law conferring statutory status to the CVC.
It is a multi member body comprising of Central Vigilance Commissioner (Chairperson) and not more than two vigilance commissioners.
They are appointed by the President under his hand and seal, on the recommendation of a three-member committee consisting of
the Prime Minister as its head, the Union Minister of home affairs, and the Leader of the Opposition.
They hold office for a period of 4 yrs or until they attain the age of 65, which ever is earlier. After their tenure, they are not eligible for further reappointment under the central or state govt.
Possible reasons behind the dramatic drop in complaints-
i)The annual report itself highlights one possible reason why there is a general public disenchantment with anti-corruption mechanisms; When it receives a complaint, the CVC calls for inquiry reports from the appropriate agencies, However, it is observed that in a majority of cases, there is considerable delay in finalising and submitting reports to the Commission.
ii)According to officials, the system for weeding out duplication of complaints has improved, Also a few other streamlining exercises undertaken in recent years helped in decreasing the number of fake reports. In the majority of complaints, the allegations were found to be either vague or unverifiable.