Why in News?
Centre has proposed the relaxation of coastal regulation zone norms.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Coastal Regulation Zone.
The coastal regulation zone, or CRZ, 2011, refers to regions in the proximity of India’s 7000-km-long shoreline where buildings, tourism facilities, industrial projects, residential facilities etc are highly regulated.
Institutional mechanisms such as National Coastal Zone Management Authority (NCZMA) and State Coastal Zone Management Authority (SCZMA) for enforcement and monitoring of the CRZ notification.
These authorities have been delegated powers under the environment protection Act , 1986 to make various measures for protecting and improving the quality of the Coastal environment and preventing , abating and controlling environmental pollution in coastal areas.
CRZ-1: these are ecologically sensitive areas these are essential in maintaining the ecosystem of the coast. They lie between low and high tide line. Exploration of natural gas and extraction of salt are permitted.
CRZ-2: these areas form up to the shoreline of the coast. Unauthorised structures are not allowed to construct in this zone.
CRZ-3: rural and urban localities which fall outside the 1 and 2. Only certain activities related to agriculture even some public facilities are allowed in this zone
CRZ-4: this lies in the aquatic area up to territorial limits. Fishing and allied activities are permitted in this zone. Solid waste should be let off in this zone.
New Draft Rules
i)Eco-tourism activities such as mangrove walks, tree huts and nature trails among others may be permitted in CRZ-1
ii)There are further subdivisions among the earlier four divisions, for e.g CRZ-1 is divided into CRZ-1a, CRZ-1b.
iii)The current law, called the CRZ, 2011 also defines as ‘coastal zone,’ the region from the HTL to 100 m of the creek along ‘tidal-influenced bodies’ such as bays, estuaries, rivers, backwaters, lagoons and ponds etc. that are connected to the sea. The proposed laws relax this to 50 metres.
iv)Earlier states had no discretion, the new draft rules allow 50 mt limit for approval of the state.
NOTE4STUDENTS-A committee headed by ShaileshNayak, former secretary, Ministry of Earth Sciences, had framed a report to reconsider the limits of the existing coastal zone regulations.