Why in News?
Only 20% of Clean Ganga Mission funds have been spent.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG)
It was registered as a society on 12th August 2011 under the Societies Registration Act 1860. It acted as implementation arm of National Ganga River Basin Authority(NGRBA) which was constituted under the provisions of the Environment (Protection) Act (EPA),1986.
NGRBA has since been dissolved , consequent to the constitution of National Council for Rejuvenation, Protection and Management of River Ganga (referred as National Ganga Council).
The Act envisages five-tier structure at national, state and district level to take measures for prevention, control and abatement of environmental pollution in river Ganga and to ensure the continuous adequate flow of water so as to rejuvenate the river Ganga as below;
- National Ganga Council under the chairmanship of Hon’ble Prime Minister of India.
- Empowered Task Force (ETF) on river Ganga under the chairmanship of Hon’ble Union Minister of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation.
- National Mission for Clean Ganga(NMCG).
- State Ganga Committees and
- District Ganga Committees in every specified district abutting river Ganga and its tributaries in the states.
NMCG has a two-tier management structure and comprises of Governing Council and Executive Committee. Both of them are headed by Director General, NMCG. Executive Committee has been authorized to accord approval for all projects up to Rs.1000 crore.
Namami Gange Programme, an integrated conservation mission, was approved as the flagship programme by the government in June 2014 with a budget outlay of ₹20,000 crore to accomplish the twin objectives of effective abatement of pollution, conservation, and rejuvenation of the Ganga.
Under the project, 8 states are covered. Dept of Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation proposes to make 1,674-gram panchayats by the Ganga open defecation-free by 2022.
Clean Ganga Fund
The Union Cabinet gave its approval for setting up of Clean Ganga Fund in September 2014 with the aim of using the collection for various activities under the NamamiGangeprogramme for cleaning the Ganga.
The utilisation of funds for-
* Cleaning up of the Ganga
* Setting up of waste treatment plants
* Conservation of biotic diversity of the river
* Development of public amenities
* Activities such as Ghat redevelopment and Research and Development and innovative projects.