Bonnet Macaque

Bonnet Macaques [Click on link to download pdf]

Why In News?

India’s bonnet macaques could be losing ground to the larger and more aggressive rhesus macaque of the north.These could go locally extinct in ten years.

FACTS ( For Prelims)


1.Bonnet macaques are endemic commensals , they are found only in peninsular India and live in close proximity to humans, adapting to habitats ranging from riverside temples to roadside fig trees.

2.This species occurs in peninsular India (Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Gujarat, Karnataka, Kerala, Maharashtra and Tamil Nadu). It is found from the southern tip of India up to the southern banks of Tapti River in the north, and to the Krishna River in the northeast.

3.They are listed in the “Least Concern ” category in the IUCN red list and also  Listed in  CITES Appendix II.


The Sálim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) or Salim Ali Bird Sanctuary Anakkatti is a national center for information, education, and research in ornithology and natural history in India. It was inspired by and named in honor of Salim Ali, the leading pioneer of ornithology in India.

It is an autonomous organization established in 1990 and registered under the Indian Societies Registration Act. Its headquarters are at Anaikatti, Coimbatore, Tamil Nadu, India. SACON is associated with the Ministry of Environment and Forests.

The core objectives of SACON, to which all work of the organization are directed, are-


  1. Design and conduct research in ornithology covering all aspects of biodiversity and natural History,

2.Develop and conduct regular courses in ornithology and natural history for MSc, MPhil and Ph.D. candidates and short-term orientation courses in the above subjects,

3.Create a data bank on Indian ornithology and natural history,

Disseminate knowledge relating to ornithology and natural history for the benefit of the community.

4.To confer honorary awards and other distinctions to persons who have rendered outstanding services in the fields of ornithology and natural history.


1.SACON policy is determined by a 16-member Governing Council. Its chairman is the secretary/additional secretary to the Government of India, Ministry of Environment and Forests.

2.The SACON Society has 90 members and advises the Governing Council. Its president is the Minister for Environment and Forests.

3.Administration of SACON is overseen by a 16-member governing council and implemented by the director in charge

NOTE 4 STUDENTS-To assess the current status of bonnet macaques, a team of scientists from institutes including Tamil Nadu’s Salim Ali Centre for Ornithology and Natural History (SACON) surveyed roadsides (1,140 km in total) in peninsular India which were considered the southernmost boundary for rhesus macaques and compiled distributional data from earlier studies in the area. They found that rhesus macaques have spread as far south as Karnataka’s Raichur district, adding 24,565 sq km to their former range, in an area where bonnet macaques used to reside.

SOURCE-The Hindu (12th November  2017)