Why in News?
The Beti Bachao programme will be expanded from the present 161 districts to 640 districts across the country.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
The trend of decline in the Child Sex Ratio (CSR), defined as the number of girls per 1000 of boys between 0-6 years of age, has been unabated since 1961. The decline from 945 in 1991 to 927 in 2001 and further to 918 in 2011 is alarming.
The decline in the CSR is a major indicator of women disempowerment. CSR reflects both, pre-birth discrimination manifested through gender-biased sex selection, and post-birth discrimination against girls.
About the Scheme
The Beti Bachao, Beti Padhao (BBBP) Scheme has been introduced in October 2014 to address the issue of declining Child Sex Ratio (CSR). It is a tri-ministerial effort of Ministries of Women and Child Development, Health & Family Welfare and Human Resource Development.
The objectives of this initiative are:
i)Prevention of gender-biased sex-selective elimination
ii)Ensuring survival & protection of the girl child
iii)Ensuring education and participation of the girl child