Why in News?
The Government announced two major initiatives in the health sector, as part of Ayushman Bharat programme.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
It is the government’s programme to address health holistically, in the primary, secondary and tertiary care system, covering both prevention and health promotion.
Initiatives under Ayushman Bharat
i)Health and Wellness Centre:- The National Health Policy, 2017 has envisioned Health and Wellness Centres as the foundation of India’s health system.
These centres will provide comprehensive health care, including for non-communicable diseases and maternal and child health services.
These centres will also provide free essential drugs and diagnostic services.
The Budget has allocated Rs.1200 crore for this flagship programme. The contribution of the private sector through CSR and philanthropic institutions in adopting these centres is also envisaged.
ii) National Health Protection Scheme:- It will cover over 10 crore poor and vulnerable families (approximately 50 crore beneficiaries) providing coverage up to 5 lakh rupees per family per year for secondary and tertiary care hospitalization.
This will be the world’s largest government-funded health care programme. Adequate funds will be provided for smooth implementation of this programme.