Why in News?
Svalbard Global Seed Vault in Norway recently celebrated the 10th anniversary of its official opening.
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
Svalbard Global Seed Vault
It is a facility located on a remote island in the Arctic Ocean and it houses the world’s largest collection of seeds. The seeds can be of use in the event of a global catastrophe or when some species are lost due to natural disasters. It is therefore also referred to as the doomsday vault.
India’s Seed Vault
At Chang La in the Himalayas, at a height of 17,300 feet, there is a storage facility with over 5,000 seed accessions. One accession consists of a set of seeds of one species collected from different locations or different populations.
The vault is a joint venture of the National Bureau of Plant Genetic Resources (which comes under the Indian Council of Agricultural Research) and the Defence Institute of High Altitude Research (under Defence Research and Development Organisation).