Why in news?
The Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP) has requested other government departments to chip in with measures to curb imports of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) from China
FACTS FOR PRELIMS
The Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) is the part of any drug that produces its effects
All drugs are made up of two core components: API and excipient
API is the central ingredient
Excipient is the substance inside the drug that helps deliver the medication to body system
For example, if you have a headache, acetaminophen is the active ingredient, while the liquid in the capsule or the bulk of a pill is the excipient
APIs are used as raw material ingredients to prepare finished medicines
India imports 66% of APIs from China
The DoP has asked the Department of Commerce to check unhindered import of APIs
The Department of Commerce has been asked to put up a system of ‘canalisation
SOURCE – THE INDIAN EXPRESS.