Active pharmaceutical ingredients

Why in news?

The Department of Pharmaceuticals (DoP) has requested other government departments to chip in with measures to curb imports of active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs) from China


The Active Pharmaceutical Ingredient (API) is the part of any drug that produces its effects

All drugs are made up of two core components: API and excipient

API is the central ingredient

Excipient is the substance inside the drug that helps deliver the medication to body system

For example, if you have a headache, acetaminophen is the active ingredient, while the liquid in the capsule or the bulk of a pill is the excipient

APIs are used as raw material ingredients to prepare finished medicines

India imports 66% of APIs from China

The DoP has asked the Department of Commerce to check unhindered import of APIs

The Department of Commerce has been asked to put up a system of ‘canalisation